The Nandina Problem

— Written By Thomas Glasgow and last updated by Jami Hooper
en Español

El inglés es el idioma de control de esta página. En la medida en que haya algún conflicto entre la traducción al inglés y la traducción, el inglés prevalece.

Al hacer clic en el enlace de traducción se activa un servicio de traducción gratuito para convertir la página al español. Al igual que con cualquier traducción por Internet, la conversión no es sensible al contexto y puede que no traduzca el texto en su significado original. NC State Extension no garantiza la exactitud del texto traducido. Por favor, tenga en cuenta que algunas aplicaciones y/o servicios pueden no funcionar como se espera cuando se traducen.

English is the controlling language of this page. To the extent there is any conflict between the English text and the translation, English controls.

Clicking on the translation link activates a free translation service to convert the page to Spanish. As with any Internet translation, the conversion is not context-sensitive and may not translate the text to its original meaning. NC State Extension does not guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. Please note that some applications and/or services may not function as expected when translated.

Collapse ▲
Nandina (Nandina domestica) has been known for some time to be an invasive non-native plant capable of displacing native plants in natural areas. It may not be as serious a problem – currently – as Bradford pear, Chinese wisteria, English ivy, eleagnus, Chinese privet, Japanese honeysuckle, Japanese stilt-grass and others. But it is a significant threat nonetheless, and deserves closer attention in our plant selection and plant removal efforts.
The North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox entry identifies nandina as ” … an invasive species in North Carolina”, and urges use of native plants instead; or, as another alternative, “one of the dwarf cultivars that do not produce fruit”. The cultivars ‘Fire Power’, ‘Gulf Stream’, ‘Harbor Belle’, ‘Lemon Lime’, and ‘Nana’, are described as “nearly fruitless” or having almost no fruits. ‘Harbor Dwarf’ is said to produce no fruits. Even with one of these selections in the landscape, it would be worth the time to watch for and remove any fruits that do develop. According to the Plant Toolbox, “Berries contain cyanide and when consumed in quantity can be toxic to birds.”
On recent visits to a large wooded tract in Craven County, I noticed 4 separate infestations of Nandina domestica, with multiple plants at each location. An environmentally-friendly task for 2022 would be to start the process of removing nandina from your home or business landscape, unless the plants are among the dwarf cultivars with little or no fruit production.

Nandina in the forest. Note the smaller plant in the bottom-left corner. The background to the left is almost all Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense).